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Frequently Asked Questions 

 

 

How many varieties of rice are there?

 

There are more than 40,000 different varieties of rice. More than 100 varieties are grown world-wide, but of these only approximately 10% are marketed and sold

 

What is basmati rice?

 

Basmati rice is an aromatic rice variety that is grown in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. It is famous for its long slender grain that upon cooking elongates to almost double its length rather than its width.

 

What is the difference between Sella rice and Parboiled rice?

 

 

Parboiled rice is another name for Sella rice. Parboiled rice is made by a process of boiling the rice whilst it is still in the husk. This gives the rice not only a new colour & texture but also increases its strength thus giving better cooking results.

 

What is the difference between White rice and Brown rice?

 

 Brown rice has an intact bran layer, which is rich in fibre. After the bran layer is removed by milling it becomes white rice. Both types of rice contain a similar amount of carbohydrate and protein.

 

How many people in the world consume rice?

 

Rice is staple food for more than 3 billion people around the world, which is nearly half the population of the world.

 

Why does rice form a staple diet for so many people?

 

It is readily available, easy to store, simple to cook, affordable compared to other foods items and has a high nutritional value.

 

Upon cooking, does rice stay the same weight?

 

No. On cooking its weight increases by at least three times its original weight.

 

Which continent grows the most rice?

 

Asia, where about 90% of the rice is grown, has more than 200 million rice farms, most of which are smaller than 1 hectare.

 

What is the land area on which rice is cultivated worldwide?

 

Rice is planted on approximately 154 million ha worldwide, or about 11% of the world's cultivated land.

 

 

How many countries in the world produce rice?

 

Rice is grown on all continents except Antarctica. 113 countries cultivate rice. Some of the largest rice producers are Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan, India, China, America, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Philippines, Brazil, Japan and Indonesia.

 

 

Does rice only grow in warm climates?

 

No. With the exception of Antarctica rice has been successfully grown in both hot as well as cold climates around the world.

 

How long does it take to produce a rice crop?

 

It takes approximately 90 to 200 days for the rice to mature.

 

What nutrients are found in rice?

 

Rice is nutrient dense and contains over 15 vitamins and minerals such as: Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (niacin), Vitamin B6, Vitamin B9 (folate), Vitamin K, Vitamin E, Choline, Magnesium, Manganese, Zinc, iron and calcium.

 

Brown rice contains more of these nutrients than white rice.

 

What are the Nutritional Benefits of eating rice?

 

  • Rice is probably the most important cereal grown with regards to human nutrition and caloric intake. It provides more than one fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans

 

  • One cup (158 g) serving of white rice contains only 206 calories and brown rice contains only 216 calories.

 

  • Rice is fat-free, sodium-free, and cholesterol-free

 

  • Rice is an excellent source of complex carbohydrates. These are stored in muscles and are used to provide energy when required.

 

  • Rice contains very high quality proteins compared to other cereal grains.

 

  • Rice contains all eight of the essential amino acids (leucine, isoleucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanain, theronine, tryptophan and valine).

 

They are regarded as essential because the body cannot make these on its own. The body cannot store them either. They have to be derived from food sources such as proteins every day.

 

These essential amino acids are required to build and maintain muscle tissue, make up enzymes, antibodies and hormones.

  • There are two types of starch found in rice. The first is Amylopectin, which is a wax like starch and helps give rice a sticky consistency upon cooking. The other is Amylose which makes the rice stay separate and fluffy upon cooking.

 

The starch in rice is called resistant starch as it reaches the large bowel undigested. It encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large bowel, to keep it healthy.

 

  • Brown rice contains four times as much fibre as white rice. Fibre helps to keep the bowel healthy.

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